When painting a room yourself, especially if it’s for the first time, you will have plenty of questions on your mind. While certainly no rocket science, there are so many things you can get wrong. Of course, you can paint over a bad paint job, or even call a professional in to help you, but why have to go through all that when you can just learn everything you need to know and get it right the first time?
One such dilemma is will paint dry darker or lighter, and how can you tell what the finished product will look like? You can of course paint small sections of the wall and wait for your test paint to dry, but in the most general terms: does paint dry darker or lighter?
Does Paint Dry Darker or Lighter?
Paint usually dries darker. This is true of latex, oil and acrylic paints. However, they should still look just like the swatch, as long as you have mixed the paint correctly.
Paint can appear to be darker or lighter depending on the environment. If the room gets plenty of natural light, it will seem lighter, and vice versa. If the room is filled with light furniture, the paint may appear darker too.
Gloss finishes also appear darker when reflecting light, while flat paints appear lighter, as they absorb the same light.
As you can already tell, there are numerous factors that influence what a paint colour will ultimately look like on your wall. Everything from your selection of paint to the way you place it on your wall and the room itself will play its part.
However, the fact is that while paints may appear to apply darker or lighter on the wall, as long as you have done your prep-work correctly and mixed them according to instructions, they should dry to the exact shade you were looking for.
Which Paints are Likely to Dry Darker?
Oil, latex and acrylic paints will dry darker than the original shade you placed on your walls. This does not mean they will be darker than the swatch though, as long as you have mixed them correctly.
Paints in a glossy or even semi-glossy finish can also appear darker when reflecting light.
Remember to always do two coats, even when using a darker colour to cover a light wall. It will ensure the colour is even, and that it conceals any imperfections.
Which Paints are Likely to Dry Lighter?
White or cream shades of paint may dry lighter, especially when they have water as a base. They should look just like the swatch if you have mixed them correctly though.
Lighter shades of paint may appear to be drying lighter on your walls, but this is just their natural drying process. They aren’t drying lighter than the swatch you used to choose them.
Water-based or latex paints will be “thinner”, and thus appear lighter. If there is plenty of sunshine in the room, they will seem lighter still. This is why it’s always a good idea to do a swatch on the wall you are about to paint and see how it appears at different times of the day. Note that the colour you are painting over will have an impact.
Paints That Will Likely Stay True to Colour
In theory, all paints should stay true to the colour of their swatch when mixed correctly. Latex paints will also appear to undergo the least change from wet to dry, especially when they come with a matte finish.
The cards you use to select a paint represent its true colour, after completely drying. While it may appear to look different when first rolled out on a wall, they will dry according to your expectations.
How to Find Out How Your Paint Will Dry?
If you are buying paint based on a swatch, you can expect it to look just like that, if you have prepared your wall well. If you are mixing custom paint, paint a small patch on your wall and see how it dries and behaves in different light.
The best possible test is an empirical one: just paint a bit of the wall and see what happens. However, you still need to take into account the shade you are painting over. If it’s much darker or lighter than the one you are going with, it will affect how the colour comes out.
Does a Second Coat of Paint Make a Difference?
No, a second coat of paint won’t make any difference. The paint may appear darker or lighter when wet, but the second coat will only even it out, not alter the colour.
Paint usually appears darker when wet. When you apply a second coat, you will also be evening it out, so you may believe you are getting a darker shade. However, when the paint dries and it has fully set, it will be just like on the swatch.
A second coat is always advised to achieve the most uniform and clean effect. It won’t make the walls darker, don’t worry.
Do More Coats of Paint Make it Darker?
No, more coats of paint don’t make it darker. It will just appear so due to the wetness of the paint and the more even coating on the wall, before it fully dries.
If you want a darker colour, you will only achieve it in the very first step: by choosing a darker paint in the shop. Applying three or even four coats of a “lighter” shade won’t in any way make it darker.
You also need to note that applying more than three coats of oil-based paint will probably make your walls turn yellow after some time. On the other hand, three or more coats of latex paint won’t do any harm. They may help you even out the finish to perfection, especially if you are using a bright or pastel hue.
The one layer that will make a paint darker is using a sealant. It’s designed to protect the paint, coating it in a thicker layer. If you add too many layers, the paint can become darker.
Will Primer Affect the Colour of the Paint?
Primer can affect the colour of the paint, if chosen incorrectly. A dark primer with a lighter paint can make it appear darker, while a light primer will make the colour more vibrant.
The purpose of the primer is to help you achieve a true-to-colour finish, to cover any imperfections and to make the paint last longer. However, you also need to consider its colour. This is especially important when going from a dark wall to a light one.
When you bring your base closer to the desired finish, you will need fewer coats of paint, and the result will be more uniform.
- If you are painting a wall white, use a white primer. You can even use ceiling paint as a primer. It will lighten your base shade (whatever it is), and cover any stains. This applies to both walls that are already light, and those that are currently dark.
- If you are painting a wall a dark shade, use a grey base (whether the base is light or dark).
Choosing the right primer will help prevent the old colour from seeping through, and you’ll get the best possible result. On the other hand, choosing a dark primer may darken a light shade of paint.
Should Your Primer Be the Same Colour as the Paint?
You don’t have to choose a primer in the same colour as the paint. It can help make the paint job easier, but you can also choose a clear, neutral or even grey primer, depending on the colour of your paint.
White paints should go on top of white primers, while dark paints should ideally be placed over dark grey primers.
As for the rest of the colour palette, a lighter grey can work exceptionally well, even if your paint is a very vibrant and bright one.
Remember that the purpose of the primer is to give you the best possible base.
- When taking a wall from dark to light, use a light primer.
- When taking a wall from light to dark, use a dark primer.
- For everything else, there is grey.
Don’t forget to wait between your primer and paint. You want it to dry before you start painting over it, as that will prevent streaks and peeling paint.
Factors That Influence Paint Colour
If you mix your paint correctly and use the right kind of primer, it will come out just like the swatch. However, there are some factors that will influence how your paint may have dired, or how it appears to you.
If you have chosen a glossy or semi-glossy paint, it will appear darker than it is as it will reflect the light. Matte or flat paint will be more “true to swatch”, as it absorbs light.
The amount of light a room is getting will also impact the lightness (or darkness) of a paint colour. The brighter the room, the lighter it will appear. Also note that artificial light will never have the same effect as sunlight.
The colours of your furniture and decor can also make a paint appear lighter or darker. A room will often look different when empty and when you fill it back up with your furniture and decor. Don’t forget to let the paint dry before putting any furniture back.
How to Get Paint True to Colour
In order to do the best possible job and get a result you are fully satisfied with, here is what you can do to get paint as true to colour as possible:
Pick the Right Day
You want to paint on a cool, dry day, as opposed to on a hot, humid one. The temperature in the room should be around 20 degrees Celsius, and the humidity at around 40-50%.
Choose a Quality Paint
The better the paint, the higher the chances it will go on smoothly and evenly, and that the sample will be exactly the same colour as the end result.
Choose the Right Tools
You also need a quality set of tools to paint a room. The better your roller and brushes, the easier it will be to distribute the paint on your walls.
Prime and Prep Your Wall
Clean your walls before painting them, and let them completely dry before applying your first coat of primer. How many coats of primer you need will depend on the state of the wall and the colour you have chosen.
Cut In Before Painting
Cut in carefully before you start applying any paint to your walls, and make sure your cutting in is smooth and that there is no excess paint around the edges of your canvas, so to speak.
Use the Right Number of Coats
Every paint manufacturer will tell you how many coats of paint you need. Take their advice and don’t apply any more or less. Two is usually the magic number, but some colourful latex paints may need more to truly shine.
Paint the entire wall with your second coat, and not just the parts of it that appear lighter.
Let Each Coat Dry
How long to wait between coats of paint will depend on the kind of paint you are using. Oil-based paints need longer, while latex paints can be covered with a second coat in a couple of hours. Make sure to check the entire wall is dry before you go in with the second coat, as any wet patches may result in peeling paint.
How Long Does It Take For Paint to Dry to Its True Colour?
Depending on the type of paint you’ve chosen, it may take anywhere between an hour and 4 hours for latex paint, and 6 to 8 hours for oil paint to dry to its true colour.
Remember you shouldn’t sleep in a freshly painted room, so find yourself somewhere else to sleep while you wait for the paint to dry.
Does Paint Get Darker as It Dries?
Paint will start to look truer to colour as it dries. Paints that have gone on lighter than the swatch will start to go darker, while paints that go on darker will start to go lighter. Very cheap paints may dry darker than you’d expect them to, but quality paints stay true to colour when applied correctly.
Does Paint Darken Over Time?
Depending on the type and quality of paint, it can go slightly darker or lighter as it ages. Light shades usually start to go a bit yellow, while darker ones start to fade.
What you do in a room will also impact how the paint changes: smoking and cooking will both have a major effect over a prolonged period of time.
Does Paint Change Colour Over Time?
Yes, paint does change colour over time as it is exposed to moisture and sunlight. Depending on the type and quality of the paint, it can go both darker, lighter, or slightly yellow.
Does Old Paint Change Colour?
Yes, old paint will start to change colour, depending on the exposure it has faced. Sunlight and humidity both influence how paint ages.
Does Paint Look Darker on the Wall?
Yes, wet paint does look darker on a wall, but it will dry true to its swatch. Gloss paints will reflect more light, so they may also appear darker than expected.
Does Exterior Paint Dry Darker?
Exterior paint may appear darker depending on the weather. As long as you have chosen a quality paint, it should dry true to shade, but will appear different at different times of day.
Does Satin Paint Dry Darker or Lighter?
Satin paint should stay true to its colour when drying. The amount of light in the room and the furniture you surround it with can affect what it appears like.
Does Paint Dry From Top to Bottom?
Paint will dry faster at the top, as there are fewer solvent vapours there. As they evaporate, they slowly start to sink and collect at the bottom of the wall. This is why it will take longer for it to dry nearer the floor.
Why Does Paint Look Different on Different Walls?
Paint can look different on different walls due to the light exposure it is getting, as well as the furniture and decor you have placed around it.
Can Objects in the Surrounding Affect the Paint Colour?
Yes, what you place around and on a wall will affect the way a paint colour appears. Some hues may appear brighter, while others can appear more dull or faded. This is why it’s very important to take the entirety of the room into consideration when choosing a colour for your walls.
Why Is My Paint Drying in Different Colours?
If you have not mixed your paint correctly or if you have purchased a very cheap paint, it is possible it will dry to slightly different hues.
Wrapping It Up
Quality paints will dry true to shade, even if they do appear a bit lighter or darker when wet. Buy the best paint you can afford, and enjoy mixing and matching different shades with your room’s decor.